Umpire and hellanodikes

It is often difficult to distinguish hellanodikai and umpires on vase paintings. On this vase the distinction is clear. The naked man on the right is the umpire. He is closely watching the athletes and signals the submission of one of them to the hellanodikes. He carries a whip to punish the athletes for offences. The hellanodikes is the man with the crown and the expensive cloths. His function was more honourable.

© KU Leuven, 2012